SammendragLouvre, Islam and the Three-headed Troll. On Power and Politics, secularism and more in French Museums.
The reception of French museum exhibitions varies significantly between the French and the non-French public, especially the Anglo-American. This was clearly demonstrated when the Branly museum â an Ã¢â¬Ëanthropological art museumÃ¢â¬â¢ â was inaugurated in 2006. The same phenomenon can be observed in the Grand Louvre â FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s foremost museum of fine arts. This springÃ¢â¬â¢s exhibition on German art in Louvre was considered a scandal from a German point of view. The main case study, however, is LouvreÃ¢â¬â¢s new museum of Islamic art, which was inaugurated in 2012. The reasons are threefold: French republican universalism, which claims a French-western hegemony in matters of aesthetics; French secularism (laÃÂ¯citÃ©), which forbids anything religious in public institutions; and French anti-communautarisme, which fights communities based on ethnicity within the Republic. These three mechanisms â or ideologies â steer museum and exhibition practices in a way that is difficult to grasp for a foreigner. And they make the museum a place where power is exerted in a more intricate way than other Western observers are used to, and more efficiently than the public authoritiesÃ¢â¬â¢ use of museums to political ends.
Forfattere beholder opphavsretten og gir tidsskriftet rett til første publisering av arbeidet. En Creative Commons-lisens (CC BY-SA 4.0) gir samtidig andre rett til å dele arbeidet med henvisning til arbeidets forfatter og at det først ble publisert i dette tidsskriftet.